Sentinel Node Navigation Surgery for Early Gastric Cancer: A Narrative Review

April, 04, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles

Early gastric cancer (EGC) refers to malignant tumor lesions that are limited to the mucosa and submucosa layers, regardless of the presence of lymph node metastasis. Typically, EGC has a low rate of perigastric lymph node metastasis, and long-term survival outcomes are good after radical surgical treatment. The primary objective of surgical treatment for EGC is to achieve functional preservation while ensuring a radical cure. Sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) is a surgical technique used in the treatment of EGC. This approach achieves functional preservation by limiting lymph node dissection and performing restrictive gastrectomy guided by intraoperative negative sentinel node (SN) biopsy. Despite the apparent improvement in the detection rate of SN with the emergence of various tracing dyes and laparoscopic fluorescence systems, the oncological safety of SNNS remains a controversial research topic. SNNS, as a true form of stomach preservation surgery that enhances the quality of life, has become a topic of interest in the EGC field. In recent years, scholars from Japan and South Korea have conducted extensive research on the feasibility and safety of SNNS in the treatment of EGC. This article aims to provide reference choices for surgeons treating EGC by reviewing relevant research on SNNS for EGC in recent years.

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