Phase I/Ib, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study of the anti-TGF-{beta} monoclonal antibody, NIS793, in combination with spartalizumab in adult patients with advanced tumors

January, 01, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles


NIS793 is a human IgG2 monoclonal antibody that binds to transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β). This first-in-human study investigated NIS793 plus spartalizumab treatment in patients with advanced solid tumors.


Patients received NIS793 (0.3–1 mg/kg every 3 weeks (Q3W)) monotherapy; following evaluation of two dose levels, dose escalation continued with NIS793 plus spartalizumab (NIS793 0.3–30 mg/kg Q3W and spartalizumab 300 mg Q3W or NIS793 20–30 mg/kg every 2 weeks [Q2W] and spartalizumab 400 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W)). In dose expansion, patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) resistant to prior anti-programmed death ligand 1 or patients with microsatellite stable colorectal cancer (MSS-CRC) were treated at the recommended dose for expansion (RDE).


Sixty patients were treated in dose escalation, 11 with NIS793 monotherapy and 49 with NIS793 plus spartalizumab, and 60 patients were treated in dose expansion (MSS-CRC: n=40; NSCLC: n=20). No dose-limiting toxicities were observed. The RDE was established as NIS793 30 mg/kg (2100 mg) and spartalizumab 300 mg Q3W. Overall 54 (49.5%) patients experienced ≥1 treatment-related adverse event, most commonly rash (n=16; 13.3%), pruritus (n=10; 8.3%), and fatigue (n=9; 7.5%). Three partial responses were reported: one in renal cell carcinoma (NIS793 30 mg/kg Q2W plus spartalizumab 400 mg Q4W), and two in the MSS-CRC expansion cohort. Biomarker data showed evidence of target engagement through increased TGF-β/NIS793 complexes and depleted active TGF-β in peripheral blood. Gene expression analyses in tumor biopsies demonstrated decreased TGF-β target genes and signatures and increased immune signatures.


In patients with advanced solid tumors, proof of mechanism of NIS793 is supported by evidence of target engagement and TGF-β pathway inhibition.

Trial registration number


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