Impact of Maximum Point Dose Within the Planning Target Volume on Local Control of Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy

January, 01, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles


No consensus exists on the maximum dose delivered to the planning target volume (PTV) in the delivery of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for primary lung cancer. We investigated whether higher biologically effective doses (BED) within the PTV were associated with improved tumor control.


We reviewed patients with early-stage, node-negative nonsmall cell lung cancer who received curative-intent SBRT between 2005 and 2018. We calculated the maximum BED (maxBED) within the PTV for all patients, analyzing outcomes using the cumulative incidence method and Fine-Gray test statistics to assess prognostic impact.


We analyzed 171 patients (median age, 70.2; range, 43 to 90 y) with 181 lung nodules. Median follow-up was 2.7 years (range, 0.1 to 12 y) for all patients and 4.2 years (range, 0.2 to 8.4 y) for living patients. Median maximum tumor diameter was 1.9 cm (range, 0.7 to 5.6 cm). Patients received a prescription of 48 or 50 Gy in 4 or 5 fractions, respectively, except for one who received 60 Gy in 5 fractions. Median maxBED was 120 Gy (range, 101 to 171 Gy). There was no difference in the 3-year local control (LC) rate among patients treated with a maxBED<120 Gy versus ≥120 Gy (P=0.83).


No significant differences in LC were observed between patients with early-stage nonsmall cell lung cancer treated with SBRT in 4 or 5 fractions with a maxBED≥120 Gy. However, a higher maxBED trended toward improved LC rates, suggesting a maxBED threshold greater than 120 Gy may be needed to improve LC rates.

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