Concurrent use of Radiotherapy and Ribociclib: Preliminary Results and Review of the Literature

July, 07, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles


In the recent MONALEESA-2, MONALEESA-3, and MONALEESA-7 clinical trials, the addition of ribociclib, a CDK4/6 inhibitor, to standard endocrine therapy significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared with hormone therapy alone in the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic estrogen receptor-positive (ER) and HER2-negative breast cancer. However, its toxicity raises concerns when administered concomitantly with radiotherapy, leading most radiotherapists and medical oncologists to prefer to discontinue Ribociclib during radiotherapy (RT). Although there are insufficient published data on this combination, our preliminary experience with the first 2 patients treated at Institut Curie suggests promising results when using Ribociclib with Letrozole or Fulvestrant concurrently with palliative radiotherapy in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Our study aimed to evaluate the safety of combining Ribociclib with palliative radiotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer, providing crucial insights for clinical decision-making.


A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients treated for hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer with Ribociclib and concurrent radiotherapy at the Institut Curie (Paris, France) between September 2023 and April 2024. Among 38 patients who received Ribociclib and underwent irradiation, 36 temporarily suspended Ribociclib during radiotherapy, while 2 continued Ribociclib concurrently and were included in the analysis. Palliative radiotherapy was administered using volumetric modulated arc therapy, delivering 20 Gy in 5 fractions to bone metastatic sites. Ribociclib was given at 600 mg/day with hormonotherapy. Follow-up was conducted from the last day of RT until the last medical consultation. Toxicities were graded using CTCAE V5.0.


Two patients received Ribociclib concomitantly with radiotherapy, experiencing pain relief without interruptions in RT. However, Ribociclib treatment was halted in both cases due to grade 3 neutropenia and grade 1 QTc interval prolongation, respectively. One patient had a dose reduction to 400 mg due to neutropenia, with favorable outcomes observed. Both patients continued Ribociclib treatment, with one achieving complete remission and the other partial remission of bone disease. No late toxicities were observed.


Despite the need for further investigation, our results suggest safety consistent with pivotal trials, advocating for a prospective cooperative data collection initiative to explore this combined strategy further, potentially revolutionizing metastatic breast cancer management.

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