CCR5 and CCL5 in metastatic colorectal cancer

May, 05, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles

The CCR/L5 axis is known for its role in immune regulation in a variety of settings and has been shown to have dichotomous functions in cancer, influencing both tumor progression and immune responses. Battaglin et al investigated its role using genomic and transcriptomic data from several datasets of patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC), including patients treated on CALGB/SWOG 80405, a trial of chemotherapy plus cetuximab versus bevacizumab, as well as a larger population of patients whose CRCs underwent commercially available Caris NGS and CODEai assays. These authors showed that CCR/L5 expression was both prognostic and predictive. They reported that low expression of the CCR/L5 axis was correlated with improved survival broadly, with particular benefit in patients treated with chemotherapy plus cetuximab. They demonstrated that high expression of CCR/L5 was associated with infiltration by negatively prognostic Tregs, M1 and M2 macrophages, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and cancer-associated fibroblasts. They also showed that increased expression was correlated a wide variety of immune suppressive proteins, including PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, CTLA4, CD80, CD86, TIM3, IDO1, LAG3, and IFN-. This suggests mechanisms by which CRC resists anti-cancer immune responses. This study enhances our understanding of the role of the CCR/L5 axis in advanced CRC.

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