Bombarding Oligoprogression: Oncologic Outcomes After Radiation to Patients With Oligoprogressive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer on Maintenance Systemic Therapy

January, 01, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles


This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of radiotherapy (RT) to oligoprogressive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).


This is a retrospective analysis of 23 patients with metastatic NSCLC on maintenance systemic therapy, developed oligoprogression (1 to 5 sites), and all oligoprogressive sites amenable to and treated with RT. The primary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and median time to start next-line therapy (MTT). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank testing were performed using R-Studio software.


Twenty-three patients met the inclusion criteria. The median overall survival for the entire cohort was 31.3 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 17.86 to 45.4). The median event-free survival for the entire cohort was 8.3 months (IQR: 2.7 to 12). Patients with no prior radiation had longer median event-free survival of 11.9 months (IQR: 8.4 to 18.2) compared with patients with a history of prior radiation at 4.1 months (IQR: 2.7 to 12; P = 0.041). The local control rate for the treated lesions was 97.5%. At 12 months follow-up, 6 (43%) of 14 living patients maintained systemic therapy without initiating next-line therapy. The median PFS for the entire cohort was 8.4 months (IQR: 4.1 to 17.5). Patients who did not receive prior radiation had longer median PFS of 11.9 months (IQR: 8.4 to 18.2) compared with patients who received prior radiation 6.2 months (IQR: 2.7 to 8.5; P = 0.018). Two patients (9%) had grade 3 chronic toxicity related to RT and were medically managed.


We identified that in patients with oligoprogressive metastatic NSCLC, targeted RT to all progressive sites yielded high LC and favorable rates of PFS and MTT.

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