Advancements in Diagnosis and Multimodal Treatment Strategies for Retroperitoneal Tumors: A Comprehensive Review

March, 03, 2024 | Select Oncology Journal Articles

imageRetroperitoneal tumors (RPTs) encompass both benign and malignant entities, constituting ~0.1% to 0.2% of all malignant tumors, of which 70% to 80% manifest malignancy. Predominantly, retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) represent the most prevalent subtype among RPT. With over 70 histologic forms identified, liposarcomas and leiomyosarcomas emerge as the primary constituents of RPS. Accurate diagnosis of RPTs necessitates preoperative core-needle biopsy and comprehensive imaging assessment. The current staging protocol for RPS relies on the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/TNM classification. Surgical excision remains the established gold standard for treating RPS. Therapeutic approaches vary according to the underlying pathophysiology. Although chemotherapy and radiotherapy exhibit efficacy in managing metastatic and recurrent unresectable RPS, their role in primary RPS remains unresolved, necessitating further clinical trials for validation. Concurrently, ongoing research explores the potential of targeted therapies and immunotherapy. This literature review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of existing research, delineating diagnostic pathways and optimal therapeutic strategies for RPT.

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